A customized (or custom-made) prosthesis is a tailored prosthesis developed and manufactured considering specific anatomical features of an individual patient.
Custom-made prostheses are used in the most difficult cases, when serial products are inapplicable. Most frequently, they serve for massive defects of bone tissue.
For a background of an individual implant, a CT scan data are processed to obtain a 3D model. The process of designing such a device takes place in a tight cooperation between a surgeon and an engineer. After approval, the construction is embodied using a “titanium” 3D printer.
Unfortunately, there are no perpetual hip prosthesis. In 15-20 years (sometimes even more), the prosthesis may demand replacement, complete or partial. If a patient appears to the physician on time, with the first signs of the instability, the component will be just replaced with a larger one.
Sometimes, the revision arthroplasty takes place earlier. For instance, in a case of inflammation after the initial arthroplasty, when the prosthesis had been replaced with a temporary spacer with antibiotics.
If a surgeon encounters large bone defects, special revision systems may be implanted. Sometimes, in the most difficult cases, individual 3D printed prosthetic components can be applied.
Cup instability and the result of the revision hip arthroplasty with a 3D-printed construction
Custom 3D printed designs